The most remote trace of human settlement in the area dates back to the Mesolithic period around 10,000 years ago. The museum includes exhibits dating back to the Bronze Age grouped according to function (ceramic, tools made from bone and horn, fumaroles, loom weights, etc.), Iron Age objects (from the Etruscan and ancient Veneti civilisations) and a rich collection of Roman artefacts when Hostilia, as it was known in Latin, enjoyed considerable prosperity thanks to the fertility of its soil and its role as a port of call on the River Po, at the point in which the via Claudia-Augusta, coming from the Danube through the Adige valley, crossed the Po. The rooms are equipped with a rich array of educational material.
The Archaeological Museum was set up in 1975, in the Tower of the Castle. In 2000 it was moved to the current hall at Palazzo Foglia. Here, the exhibition is divided into three halls, which house findings dating back to Bronze and Iron Age and Roman Era, belonging to the collections of Don Giuseppe Greggiati and notary Renato Gemma; a fourth room is reserved for teaching and exhibitions. The first room houses findings from the terramara/pile-dwelling Civilization of the Bronze Age, representing the various types of the main industries of the time (XVI-XIII BC), such as: ceramic, horn and bone processing, weaving, metallurgy. Ceramic are, for example, keeled bowls decorated with "horned" loops, spindles and loom weights; a showcase houses deer horns, from the raw state to the objects obtained (needles, combs, flintstone-points of arrow); another one houses bronze objects (pins, daggers, sickle and others); Finally, a case houses findings of flint, some of which date back to the Neolithic. In the second hall are shown Bronze Age forms of pottery and testimonies of burials, interment and incineration, found in the mixed rite Necropolis of Vallona, excavated in the mid-1980s, also from the same Era (13th century BC). The showcases are supplied by a rich didactic apparatus: scale models representing burials and everyday life tools; captions and explanatory panels that, in addition to providing a historical and archaeological picture of the Bronze Age, illustrate the oldest technologies of humankind, such as the production of ceramics, weaving and melting of metals. In the third room are shown findings from the Iron Age (Etruscan and Paleoveneta Civilization) and a collection of findings from the Roman Era, when the Latin Hostilia, vicus Veronensium (Tacitus, "Annali") enjoyed a remarkable prosperity due to the fertility of land and, above all, its role as a stopover trade port on the river Po, at the point where Via Claudia Augusta, coming from the Danube through the valley of the Adige, crossed the Po. The Roman findings, represented by fine ceramic tableware, trademarks on clay, amphora, balsam containers, coins, examples of flooring (mosaic and hexagon patterns), together with panels and scale models, contribute to reconstructing the history and characteristics of the Roman vicus of Hostilia with its port, its necropolis, its urban-rustic villas located in the countryside. To complete the original findings in the museum's showcases, there are educational panels that illustrate and frame the stages of human population in the low plain of Po - where is Ostiglia - from Prehistory to the Roman Age, and reproductions of objects, including an upright loom and a Bronze Age melting plant. The fourth hall is intended for teaching and temporary exhibitions. A showcase exhibits objects made, in imitation of the ancient ones, by laboratories of experimental archeology of the Ostiglia Archaeological Group. Venue: Palazzo Foglia, Cornelio Nepote Square, 2 Since 2012, it has been closed indefinitely following the earthquake.